ڧ ӧҧէ ӧѧߧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ڧڧ֧ܧ ѧӧէ

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! ڧ ӧҧէ ӧѧߧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ڧڧ֧ܧ ѧӧէ. : , , , , (18-50). Minsk, Belarus. Research paper. Agreement.

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ҧ֧ ݧ ֧ݧӧ֧, ڧݧ֧էӧѧ֧ݧ էէݧڧߧߧ ӧѧߧӧڧ ҧڧ ݧ ? էݧ֧اڧ ݧ ڧ ѧ٧ݧڧߧ ڧӧڧݧڧ٧ѧڧ, .. ӧ , ڧާ֧ݧ ڧ ݧ, ֧ԧڧѧڧ ߧ ҧާѧԧ, ܧ ֧ ڧڧܧ, ڧѧ ӧߧѧѧݧ ߧӧߧ ܧߧ, ֧֧ߧߧ, ߧ ҧ֧ ڧҧ, ߧ ڧ ڧѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ֧ ҧէ֧, ӧ֧֧ߧߧ ڧӧӧѧ֧ էߧ է֧ѧݧ ٧ էԧ?

էߧڧ ڧ ѧާ ѧѧߧ֧ߧߧ ҧ֧ӧ ާڧ ӧݧ֧ ҧ֧اէ֧ߧߧ, ڧڧ֧ܧѧ ߧѧܧ ߧ ݧܧ ҧߧ ߧ , ߧ ֧էߧѧ٧ߧѧ֧ߧ էݧ ѧܧ է֧֧ݧߧ. ڧ ӧ֧֧, ӧߧ֧ߧߧ ӧҧէ֧ ֧ӧݧ֧ߧڧ ѧܧ ѧҧ. ݧ ֧ާ ߧ ҧէ ާ֧ѧ ݧڧڧܧ, ڧէ֧ݧԧ, ߧ֧էا֧ӧ֧ߧߧ ߧѧ֧ߧߧ ܧݧݧ֧ԧ, ߧ ҧէ֧ ߧ֧էѧܧ ֧է էݧ ܧ֧էڧڧ ܧާѧߧէڧӧ, ٧էӧ ߧ էӧ֧է֧, ߧڧ ߧ ҧէ֧ ܧӧӧѧ ֧ԧ ԧا֧ߧڧ ֧ էҧӧѧߧڧ ߧ֧ҧէڧާ ѧܧ, էܧާ֧ߧ. ԧ ܧۧߧާ ѧߧѧݧڧ٧, ֧ߧڧ ߧѧէ֧اߧ ֧ڧ ߧڧ ߧ ҧէ֧ ާ֧ѧ, ܧѧ ֧٧ݧѧ ާڧ ܧ֧ ֧ էڧ ѧԧާ֧ߧ, ڧ֧٧ߧӧ֧ ҧݧ ӧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧ ڧ ֧ݧӧ֧֧ܧ ڧӧڧݧڧ٧ѧڧ.

ާڧݧԧڧ٧ڧӧѧߧߧ ާڧ ӧҧէߧԧ ҧѧ֧ߧڧ ݧ اڧӧ ߧ ݧܧ ڧڧܧ, ߧ ӧ ާ, ݧէ, ܧ ֧ާ ڧ ֧ҧ ӧݧѧڧ֧ݧާ ާڧ ֧է֧ԧ, ާڧ ֧էܧ, ֧ާߧԧ ѧڧߧӧ֧ߧߧԧ. ѧ ֧֧ ߧ֧ާݧڧާ է ӧ֧ާ֧ߧ, ѧӧݧ֧ԧ ڧ էߧԧ ٧ էԧڧ էӧ֧ߧߧڧܧ, է٧֧, ֧է֧.

ڧ ڧڧ֧ܧѧ ߧѧܧ
ڧ -- ӧ ҧڧ, ڧާ֧ӧڧ ާ֧ ݧ. է֧ ڧѧ ݧӧ ڧڧ էѧߧߧ ާݧ ҧݧ ҧܧӧ. اߧ ֧էѧӧڧ ڧ ܧѧ ݧߧ ֧֧֧ߧ ҧڧ ݧԧ. ҧ֧ ԧ ֧֧ߧ ԧާ֧; ܧ ٧֧ߧڧ ާѧ֧ާѧڧܧ ڧާ֧֧ ާߧ ܧߧڧߧާ. ֧ۧӧڧ֧ݧߧ, ާ֧ ԧ ܧѧ ֧ݧӧ֧, ߧѧڧާ֧, ڧڧ֧ܧѧ ݧڧߧ, اڧӧ֧, ֧֧ާ֧ѧ֧ ѧߧӧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧ. ѧاէ ܧ ѧߧӧ, ԧէ ߧѧէڧݧ, ܧѧاէ ާާ֧ߧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧ, ܧԧէ ֧ҧӧѧ էѧߧߧ ܧ, ӧ֧ѧ֧ ҧ էߧ ҧڧ ֧ԧ اڧ٧ߧ. ѧܧ ݧѧ ֧֧֧ߧ ҧڧ اڧ٧ߧ էߧԧ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ -- ا ܧߧڧߧ ҧڧ, ڧݧ ڧ էߧ ֧ݧӧ֧֧ܧ اڧ٧ߧ. ҧѧߧڧ ѧܧڧ ֧ݧӧ֧֧ܧڧ ڧ ܧݧѧէӧѧ֧ ڧ ֧ݧӧ֧֧ӧ. ֧ӧ֧ ڧڧ ܧѧ ߧѧܧ. է֧ݧ ѧܧا ֧֧֧ߧ ҧڧ ݧԧ, ֧ڧ, ߧ ѧӧݧ֧ߧߧ ڧڧܧѧާ, .. ֧ڧѧݧڧѧާ, էԧӧݧ֧ߧߧާ էݧ էҧߧԧ է է֧֧ݧߧ. ܧѧ֧ާ ڧ է֧֧ݧߧ ڧ֧ާ ѧӧݧ ֧էާ֧ ҧ ߧѧܧ -- ާ֧էݧԧڧ ڧڧ.
֧ڧ ߧ ֧֧֧ߧ ҧڧ, ߧѧ֧ ܧާާ֧ߧѧڧާ, ѧ٧ߧڧާ էݧ ڧѧ֧ݧ ߧ, ާ ڧӧѧ֧ާ ҧڧ. ڧ ܧѧ ߧѧܧ -- ߧ ܧާ֧ߧէڧ ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ, ҧѧ ާ ާݧ֧ߧڧ [֧]

֧ݧ, ֧ݧ֧է֧ާ ڧڧܧѧާ ѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ֧ڧ, ߧѧ٧ӧѧ֧ާ ڧڧ֧ ( էѧߧߧ ݧѧ ڧ֧ ݧӧ ڧڧ ާѧݧ֧ߧܧ ҧܧӧ, ҧ ߧ ѧ ҧӧ֧ߧߧ ڧ֧):

-- ѧӧڧ ܧѧ ާاߧ ҧݧ֧ էҧߧ ݧߧ ֧ڧ, ߧѧ֧ߧߧ ڧڧ֧ܧ ٧ߧѧڧާާ ҧڧާ;

-- ߧѧҧէڧ ֧ڧ ߧѧߧ ҧߧӧѧߧߧާ ҧ֧ܧڧӧߧާ ܧާާ֧ߧѧڧާ; ߧܧڧ ڧڧܧ -- "٧էѧӧѧ ߧѧէ֧اߧ էӧ֧اէ֧ߧߧ ҧߧ֧ߧڧ ڧڧ֧ܧڧ ҧڧ" [,.68-69].

ӧ֧ اڧ٧ߧ ܧѧاէ ڧڧ ڧѧߧڧ ܧߧܧ֧ߧԧ ҧڧ ӧէڧ ӧݧߧ ֧է֧ݧ֧ߧߧ ֧٧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧ. ݧ֧էӧѧ֧ݧߧ, ֧ާ ڧݧ ӧߧ֧ ֧ڧ ݧܧ ܧߧ֧ߧ ڧݧ ҧڧ. ڧݧ ڧڧܧ ߧ ҧݧ֧ ֧ ֧ߧ, ާ ݧߧѧ ֧ڧ ҧէ֧ է֧اѧ ֧ߧ ڧݧ ҧڧ. ԧڧާ ݧӧѧާ ڧڧ ߧڧܧԧէ ߧ ӧѧէ֧ ڧ֧. ѧߧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ڧ ߧ ҧڧۧߧ ӧߧ ߧ֧ӧ٧ާاߧ. ѧ֧ ߧѧէ֧, ܧާާ֧ߧѧڧ ӧݧߧ ҧ֧ݧ. ֧ӧ, է٧ߧѧ֧ݧߧ, ڧߧڧڧӧߧ ڧڧܧ ߧڧާѧ, ڧާ֧ߧߧ ާ ݧ ԧާߧ ڧݧڧ ߧ ѧ ߧ ٧էѧߧڧ ܧާާ֧ߧѧڧ֧. ڧ ٧ѧߧڧާѧ֧ ҧݧڧߧӧ ڧڧܧ. ֧, ߧ ڧ ٧ܧ, ߧ ӧѧߧѧӧݧڧӧѧ ڧڧ֧ܧ ѧӧէ, էѧ ٧ѧߧڧާѧ ֧֧ڧӧѧߧڧ֧ ڧڧ. ѧѧߧ֧ߧߧ ڧ ֧է ӧݧ֧ ާߧ֧ߧڧ, ܧާާ֧ߧѧڧ ݧ֧է ݧԧڧܧ ѧܧ, ڧݧ, ߧ էԧ ٧ܧ, ݧԧڧܧ ҧ֧ܧڧӧߧ է֧ۧӧڧ ٧ѧܧߧ ҧ֧ӧ֧ߧߧԧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ, ߧӧ ܧ ٧ѧڧާӧӧѧߧߧѧ ڧ ֧֧ӧ٧ߧѧߧڧ (science=ߧѧܧ) ڧէ֧ ڧڧߧߧ-ݧ֧էӧ֧ߧߧ ӧ٧֧ ާ֧اէ ҧڧާ, ڧէ֧ ܧѧ٧ѧݧߧ. ާ֧ߧߧ ާ ӧէ .֧ ٧ѧާ֧ѧ֧:"... ӧݧԧѧߧ ߧڧާѧߧڧ ڧڧܧ, ܧ ӧ֧ڧݧ ٧ߧѧӧѧ֧ާ ߧ֧ҧէڧާ ڧڧ֧ܧԧ ֧, ߧѧߧѧ ڧէ֧ ܧѧ٧ѧݧߧ ҧݧ ֧֧ߧ֧֧ߧ ߧ ڧڧ ֧ݧ. ݧѧԧէѧ ӧݧڧ ӧ֧֧ߧߧ , ڧ (ҧݧѧ ҧܧӧ "" ާ -- ..) ާا֧ ҧ ڧԧߧ ֧ ֧ݧߧ, ӧݧ֧ ߧѧ էߧ ֧էӧ ݧ ߧ ӧݧߧ ֧֧ӧ֧ߧߧ ٧ѧҧݧاէ֧ߧڧ֧. է֧ ԧէӧ ڧҧݧڧ٧ڧ֧ݧߧ, ߧ֧էѧߧ ֧ݧڧӧ ֧էѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ: ӧ֧֧ ӧ֧ ӧܧߧ է֧֧ާڧߧڧӧѧ, ֧ӧ, ѧߧӧݧ֧; ӧ֧ӧ֧ ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ է֧֧ާڧߧڧӧѧߧߧ ާا֧ ҧ ٧ߧѧߧ; ڧ ݧԧ ߧ֧֧ݧاߧ ߧ֧ҧէڧާ ݧ֧է֧ ҧէ֧;..." (ӧ ߧ ݧߧѧ ӧҧէ ӧѧߧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ݧԧ! -- ..). [,.198-199].

ڧߧڧ ѧ֧ۧ
1968 ӧ ѧߧڧ ӧݧ ܧߧڧԧ [Tim], ߧѧڧѧߧߧѧ ܧݧݧ֧ܧڧӧ, ӧ֧ߧߧѧ ҧݧ֧ާѧ ӧ٧ѧߧߧ ߧڧ֧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧ. ߧ֧, ѧߧ, ݧڧӧ է ֧ԧѧ ӧ֧اէѧ, " ߧѧ֧ ڧ٧ڧ֧ܧ ӧ֧ݧ֧ߧߧ ݧ֧اڧӧѧߧڧ ֧է֧ԧ, ӧҧ ԧӧ, ߧ֧ӧ٧ާاߧ. ѧ٧ѧݧ ҧ, ֧է֧ ҧڧ, ٧ѧ֧ԧڧڧӧѧߧߧ էܧާ֧ߧѧ, ߧڧ ڧݧ ѧߧӧݧ֧ߧߧ ѧܧ. էߧѧܧ է֧ۧӧڧ֧ݧߧ ӧܧ ӧѧߧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ֧է֧ԧ ֧ӧ֧ߧߧ ߧӧӧѧ֧ ߧ ڧ٧ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧ ѧާ; ֧ݧ էѧا ֧ ڧէ֧ ѧܧѧ, ѧ֧ݧߧ ٧ѧ֧ԧڧڧӧѧߧߧ ѧڧӧѧ, ٧է֧ ѧާ ߧ֧ҧէڧާ, .. ڧާ֧ߧߧ ߧ ӧݧ֧ ܧݧ էݧ ڧߧ֧֧ѧڧ էܧާ֧ߧ. ѧާ ڧߧڧڧ ݧاѧ ֧ӧէߧ ߧڧ ٧ߧѧܧާӧ ݧ֧էѧާ ݧԧ, ҧ֧ ߧڧ ӧѧߧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ݧԧ ܧѧا֧ ݧڧ֧ߧߧ ߧӧ... ڧ٧֧ߧڧ էڧڧ֧ܧԧ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ ާ ߧ ާا֧ ߧ ӧѧߧӧڧ ֧ԧ ҧݧڧ ڧݧ ӧߧڧ ҧ ڧާ֧ߧ֧ߧڧ ڧ ӧڧ էڧ, ֧ݧ ߧ ҧէ֧ ڧѧ ߧ էӧ ާ֧اէ ݧէާ, ܧ ѧ٧է֧ݧ ֧ݧ֧ڧ, ݧ٧ӧѧ ѧߧѧݧԧڧ֧ ާ֧اէ ҧݧ֧ާѧާ, ӧ٧ߧڧܧѧڧާ ާ֧اէ ߧѧڧާ էѧݧ֧ܧڧާ ֧էܧѧާ, ҧݧ֧ާѧާ ӧ٧ߧڧܧѧڧާ ާ֧اէ ߧѧڧާ ֧֧ӧ֧ߧߧڧܧѧާ" [].
է ֧ԧѧ ҧѧڧ ӧߧڧާѧߧڧ ߧ , ڧݧ٧ӧѧߧڧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ ߧѧ֧ԧ ֧ߧܧ ڧڧ֧ܧԧ ҧڧ ާا֧ ӧߧ֧ ߧ֧ߧڧ, ߧ ݧӧڧ էѧߧ ߧԧ ѧڧߧԧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ ҧڧ, .. ٧ߧѧߧڧ, ݧ֧ߧߧԧ է ԧ, ܧѧ ڧӧݧ֧ܧѧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧ ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ. ԧڧާ ݧӧѧާ, ߧ֧ߧ ѧڧߧԧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ ާا֧ ӧݧڧ ߧ ܧߧѧ֧ݧߧ ӧӧ ѧ, ߧڧ էߧ ҧէ֧ ԧݧѧڧ. է֧ݧ, է ֧ԧѧ ڧݧ٧ӧѧ ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ ѧߧܧѧ ѧڧڧ֧ܧ ާ֧ѧߧڧܧ.

ҧݧ֧ާ ٧ѧܧݧѧ֧ ڧܧ ӧ֧ ߧ ݧ֧էڧ ӧ. اߧ ݧ ߧ ߧӧ ߧ֧ܧԧ ܧݧڧ֧ӧ ҧѧߧߧ էܧާ֧ߧ, ѧܧ ݧ, .. ߧ֧ܧԧ ѧڧڧ֧ܧԧ ާѧ֧ڧѧݧ ݧ, է֧ݧѧ ҧߧӧѧߧߧ ٧ѧܧݧ֧ߧڧ ӧݧڧߧڧ էߧԧ ڧ ѧܧ, ֧էѧӧݧ֧ߧߧ ާѧ֧ڧѧݧ, ߧ ڧߧ֧֧֧ ߧѧ ڧڧ֧ܧ ҧڧ ݧѧ, ܧԧէ ߧѧ֧ ѧا֧ߧڧ ܧѧ٧ѧݧڧ ߧӧ էܧާ֧ߧ, ܧѧѧڧ֧ էѧߧߧԧ ҧڧ. ԧڧާ ݧӧѧާ, ܧѧܧ ާ֧ ߧӧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ, ߧӧ էܧާ֧ߧ ٧ӧݧ "ݧڧ ӧ֧" ߧ ڧڧߧ ԧ ڧݧ ڧߧԧ ڧڧ֧ܧԧ ҧڧ. ѧ٧ѧݧ ҧ ߧӧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ ާԧ, ܧѧ ԧӧ, "ߧ ӧ ٧ѧܧ ѧ ҧݧ֧ާ".

ڧߧ֧֧ӧѧݧ ѧߧܧѧ, ܧ ҧߧӧѧ ѧڧڧ֧ܧ ֧էܧѧ٧֧ާ ҧէ֧ԧ, ֧֧ӧ֧ߧߧ ѧݧ ߧ ӧѧߧӧڧާ ݧ ѧڧڧ֧ܧ ݧ []. ߧڧݧ ߧ֧, ߧ ӧѧߧѧӧݧڧӧѧ֧.

ݧ֧է ڧէ֧ [,c.128-130, 12-13] ѧާڧ ڧާ֧, ߧڧ ѧܧ ӧӧ. --ڧݧ ӧ֧ ڧ٧ӧ֧ߧ էܧާ֧ߧѧ ѧا֧ߧڧ ѧߧ٧, ٧ѧܧߧڧӧڧ ѧا֧ߧڧ֧, ܧ ֧֧ڧݧݧڧ ѧ٧ݧڧߧ ڧڧߧ ѧا֧ߧڧ. ֧էݧاڧ, K_b, ѧا֧ߧڧ ܧѧ֧ӧ (ߧӧߧ) ڧڧߧ ܧѧ٧ӧѧݧѧ ҧݧ֧٧ߧ ܧާѧߧէ֧ԧ. ߧѧڧ էݧ ѧا֧ߧڧ ҧݧߧ ܧާѧߧէڧ ڧݧ (ѧߧѧ, ѧڧڧ֧ܧѧ) ӧ֧ߧ ҧݧ֧٧ߧ ܧާѧߧէ֧ԧ, ܧѧ ڧڧߧ ѧا֧ߧڧ, ѧӧߧ P(B)=K_b/, ӧ֧ߧ ԧ, ڧڧߧ ڧߧѧ -- P(Z)= (-K_{b})/= 1- P(B).

֧էѧӧڧ, ާ اڧӧ֧ 1815 ԧէ ܧ ԧѧ٧֧ ٧ߧѧݧ, ҧڧӧ ѧ֧ݧ ѧݧ֧ ֧֧ ѧا֧ߧڧ, էߧѧܧ ڧڧߧ ѧا֧ߧڧ ԧѧ٧֧ ߧ ܧѧ٧ӧѧݧѧ. ѧا֧ߧڧ ѧ֧ݧ -- ҧڧ _V.

اߧ ݧ, ٧ߧѧ ѧا֧ߧڧ ѧݧ֧ߧ ( ݧܧ ), ӧߧڧ ߧ ӧڧݧѧ ݧ ֧ԧ ҧݧ֧٧ߧ ڧڧߧ ѧا֧ߧڧ ߧ ߧӧ ߧѧڧ ڧڧ֧ܧڧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ, .. ѧڧڧ֧ܧڧ էѧߧߧ ӧ֧ ѧا֧ߧڧ ѧߧ٧ է 1815 ԧէ?

է֧ ڧѧ, ѧا֧ߧڧ ѧߧ٧ ߧ֧ڧ٧ҧ֧اߧ, ֧ݧ ѧݧ֧ ҧ ҧݧ֧, ܧѧ ӧܧ ѧާڧ, ֧֧ ӧէ ӧ֧ԧ ܧާѧߧէ֧ԧ. ٧ߧѧѧ֧, ݧӧߧѧ ӧ֧ߧ P(_V/ B)=1.

ҧ٧ߧѧڧ ֧֧ b= P(B) ѧڧߧ ӧ֧ߧ ҧݧ֧٧ߧ ѧݧ֧ ӧ ӧ֧ާ ѧا֧ߧڧ. ӧ֧ߧ, ӧڧݧ֧ߧߧѧ ߧ ߧӧ ݧߧ ѧڧڧ֧ܧڧ էѧߧߧ, ڧާ֧ӧڧ ѧا֧ߧڧ ڧڧܧ. ԧէ P(B/ _V) -- ѧ֧ڧߧѧ ӧ֧ߧ ԧ, ѧݧ֧ ҧ ҧݧ֧ ݧӧڧ ѧا֧ߧڧ ѧާڧ ѧߧ٧ ѧ֧ݧ. ڧݧ֧ߧڧ ӧ֧ߧ P(B/ _V) -- ܧ ӧߧڧ ҧݧ֧ ݧ ߧ ѧާ- է֧ݧ ѧݧ֧ ӧ ӧ֧ާ ѧا֧ߧڧ ڧݧ ߧ֧, ӧڧէ֧ ڧڧߧ ѧ٧ԧާ, ڧӧݧ֧ܧѧ "ߧӧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ" -- ԧѧ٧֧ߧ ҧ֧ߧڧ, ڧާ֧ݧ ާ֧ ҧڧ _V = ѧߧ٧ ֧֧ݧ ѧا֧ߧڧ. ާݧ ѧ֧ۧ ݧѧ֧


P(B/ _V)=b/{b+s(1-b)} >= b
ԧէ s= P(_V/ Z) -- ӧ֧ߧ ԧ, ѧާڧ ֧֧ݧ ѧا֧ߧڧ ڧߧ, ܧާ ҧݧ֧٧ߧ ܧާѧߧէ֧ԧ, ڧڧߧѧ. ѧܧڧ ҧѧ٧, ٧ߧѧߧڧ "ߧӧԧ ѧܧ" = ҧڧ _V ٧ӧݧ֧ ٧ѧܧݧڧ, ӧ֧ߧ ҧݧ֧٧ߧ ѧݧ֧ߧ a posteriori, .. ֧ ߧӧ էѧߧߧ (ҧڧ _V), ߧ ާ֧ߧ ӧ֧ߧ ҧݧ֧٧ߧ ѧݧ֧ߧ a priori, .. է ԧ, ܧѧ ҧݧ ܧ ԧѧ٧֧. ݧѧ֧ ӧէ ҧ, ڧӧݧ֧֧ߧڧ ߧӧ էѧߧߧ ߧ֧ ѧڧߧ ӧ֧ߧ. ߧاߧ ٧ߧѧ ֧ ݧӧߧ ӧ֧ߧ s. ҧ֧ ڧӧݧ֧ էݧ ԧ ֧ڧѧݧڧ-ڧڧܧ ߧѧݧ֧ߧӧܧڧ ӧۧ. ݧ ߧ ܧѧا ڧ, ܧѧ ֧ڧѧݧڧѧ, ѧݧѧԧѧڧ ѧڧڧ֧ܧڧ ާѧ֧ڧѧݧ, էѧݧ ӧߧڧ, ѧߧڧ 1815 ԧէ ڧڧݧ ӧ ӧ ݧէܧڧ ާѧ֧ڧѧݧߧ ֧٧֧ӧ ߧӧߧѧ ڧڧߧ ѧا֧ߧڧ, ߧڧܧѧܧѧ ѧ ҧݧ֧٧ߧ, ڧߧѧ ԧӧ, s ڧҧݧڧ٧ڧ֧ݧߧ ѧӧߧ1. ݧ֧էӧѧ֧ݧߧ, P(B/ _V) ڧҧݧڧ٧ڧ֧ݧߧ ѧӧߧ b, .. ڧէڧ էӧ֧اէ֧ߧڧ ݧ֧ߧߧ ѧߧ֧ ֧ߧܧ ӧ֧ߧ ҧݧ֧٧ߧ ߧӧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ ާѧݧ ߧ֧. ֧ݧ ڧڧܧ ٧ѧӧ, ڧ էѧߧߧ ߧڧ "ݧ" ѧݧ֧ߧ ߧ ڧԧѧݧ ݧ, .. s ڧҧݧڧ٧ڧ֧ݧߧ ѧӧߧ 0, P(B/ _V) ڧҧݧڧ٧ڧ֧ݧߧ ѧӧߧ 1. ߧѧ ԧӧ, ٧ߧѧߧڧ ԧ ѧܧ, ѧا֧ߧڧ ڧԧѧߧ, ߧڧݧ ٧ѧԧѧէܧ ѧا֧ߧڧ: ѧݧ֧ ҧ ҧݧ֧, ԧݧѧӧߧѧ ڧڧߧ ѧا֧ߧڧ.

ݧ֧էߧڧ ӧӧ է֧ݧѧ, ܧѧ ܧѧا֧ էԧڧ ֧ڧѧݧڧѧ ߧ ѧܧ ֧էݧا֧ߧڧ "s ڧҧݧڧ٧ڧ֧ݧߧ ѧӧߧ 0". ӧ٧ӧѧߧ ܧէߧ ѧڧڧ֧ܧԧ ާѧ֧ڧѧݧ, ߧѧէ ߧѧէ֧, ާܧ, ݧڧ ߧӧ ڧ٧ӧ֧ڧ ڧ ѧߧڧ ާԧ ߧ ߧӧ էݧߧڧ֧ݧߧ ߧӧ էܧާ֧ߧ ѧߧӧڧ ڧڧ֧ܧ ѧӧէ. ߧѧէ֧اէ ߧ ާܧ ԧӧڧ ߧڧا.

ڧ, P(B)= P(Z)=1/2, .. ѧڧڧ֧ܧڧ ާѧ֧ڧѧ ܧէ֧; էܧާ֧ߧ ѧ ѧݧӧѧ ڧӧѧ ߧڧ ٧էӧ ܧާѧߧէڧ, ݧߧѧ ߧ֧֧է֧ݧ֧ߧߧ ӧӧէ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧ֧ާ ѧߧ٧ܧڧ ܧާѧߧէڧ ڧԧѧߧߧ ҧڧӧѧ -- ߧ ҧ ҧݧ ҧݧߧ, ߧ ߧ֧ݧ٧ ߧ ٧ѧӧڧ ݧߧ ٧էѧӧڧ, ߧ֧, էԧڧ ڧڧߧѧ, ӧ֧էڧ ѧا֧ߧڧ ѧާڧ. ԧէ


P(B/ _V)= 1/{1+s}
ߧѧڧ, ֧ݧ ֧ڧѧݧڧ ԧӧ, ӧ֧ߧ ֧֧ ѧا֧ߧڧ ݧӧڧ Z ߧ֧ҧݧѧ, ܧѧا֧ s=1/8, P(B/ _V)=8/9. ڧܧѧܧڧ ާߧ֧ߧڧ, ڧާ֧ѧ ҧ ҧݧ֧. ӧ է֧ݧѧ ߧ ֧ߧ ާߧڧ֧ݧߧ ٧ѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ֧ڧѧݧڧ, ߧا֧ ڧ ߧӧ էܧާ֧ߧ... ݧ ا s ڧҧݧڧ٧ڧ֧ݧߧ ѧӧߧ 1, P(B/ _V) ڧҧݧڧ٧ڧ֧ݧߧ ѧӧߧ 1/2. ߧڧܧѧܧ ߧ ҧݧ֧٧ߧ ѧݧ֧ߧ. ާ է ֧ԧѧ է֧ݧѧ֧ ӧӧ: "ӧѧߧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ݧԧ ާا֧ ڧ٧ӧէڧ ݧڧ ݧѧ, ֧ݧ ڧ٧ӧ֧ߧ ѧڧߧ ӧ֧ߧ, ֧ ֧ݧ ا ֧էݧѧԧѧ֧ ܧѧܧ- ٧ߧѧߧڧ ֧է֧, ٧ߧѧߧڧ ߧѧ֧ԧ ާا֧ ֧ԧ ݧܧ ߧڧ" [,c.130].

ڧߧ ӧ֧ߧ ҧ֧ ڧ ѧڧڧ֧ܧԧ ާѧ֧ڧѧݧ. ܧ էݧ ߧڧ ӧ֧ԧէ էѧ֧ ڧҧݧڧا֧ߧߧ ٧ߧѧ֧ߧڧ. ڧѧڧ ӧݧߧ ѧѧܧ֧ߧѧ էݧ ݧҧ ߧѧܧ. ާ֧ߧߧ ާ ڧէ ٧ѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ߧ֧ҧէڧާ ڧܧ ߧӧ էܧާ֧ߧ. ݧ ӧߧӧ ߧѧۧէ֧ߧߧԧ էܧާ֧ߧ ֧ ߧ֧ҧէڧާ ߧ֧ߧڧ ѧڧߧ ӧ֧ߧ ӧڧ; ѧ է ҧ֧ܧߧ֧ߧ. ڧܧԧէ ߧ ߧѧڧ ݧߧѧ ߧ; ڧ ߧ ا֧ݧѧ֧ ӧѧէѧ ֧ڧ.


ѧܧ ߧ֧֧է֧ݧ֧ߧߧ ڧѧߧڧ
ѧާ֧֧ߧ, ڧѧߧڧ էߧԧ ӧݧ֧ߧڧ, ڧާ֧ӧ֧ԧ ާ֧ ڧ, ާ֧ ֧ԧ ڧ٧֧ߧڧ ڧݧ է֧ѧݧ֧ ֧֧ӧ֧ߧߧ ҧѧ٧ ߧѧڧߧѧ֧ ӧ֧ݧڧڧӧѧ֧. ѧէ֧ ڧݧ֧էӧѧ֧ݧ, ܧݧܧ ܧѧڧߧ ڧ֧է֧ԧ ѧߧӧڧ ӧ ҧݧ֧ ҧ֧ާߧ, ܧѧߧ, ߧѧ֧ߧߧ ѧާާ ѧ٧ߧҧѧ٧ߧާ է֧ѧݧާ. էߧѧܧ է֧ѧݧ էҧߧ ߧѧڧߧѧ ӧ ڧݧߧ֧ ѧ٧ߧڧ , ҧݧ֧ ԧ, ӧѧ ڧӧ֧ڧ, ֧ݧ ڧݧ֧էӧѧ֧ݧ ߧѧڧߧѧ֧ ܧߧ֧ߧڧӧѧ ӧߧڧާѧߧڧ ߧ ֧ߧ ߧ֧ҧݧ ֧٧ܧ ڧ٧ѧ֧ާԧ ڧڧ֧ܧԧ է֧ۧӧڧ. ѧէ, ܧԧէ ߧ ާ֧ߧ ֧ڧէ ӧڧ ܧѧܧڧ-ݧڧҧ էܧާ֧ߧ էѧߧߧ ӧݧ֧ߧڧ ڧէڧ ӧ֧ާ ҧߧѧا֧ߧڧ ѧڧӧߧ, ѧܧڧ֧ܧڧ ڧݧ ݧڧ֧ѧߧ ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ڧߧ֧֧֧ ڧݧ֧էӧѧ֧ݧ ҧڧ, ֧֧ߧߧ ߧ ѧ֧ ߧڧܧѧܧԧ ݧ֧է. ڧէڧ ܧѧ- ѧ٧ߧ ѧ٧ߧҧ, ߧ֧ԧݧѧӧѧߧߧ, ѧ٧ߧ֧ߧڧ, ٧ѧӧ֧էާ ڧӧ֧ڧ. , ܧѧ ѧӧڧݧ ѧ էܧާ֧ߧ ڧݧ ѧܧ ҧӧݧ ڧҧܧѧާ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧڧܧ, ڧ ҧ֧ܧڧӧߧ ֧ߧܧ ߧѧҧݧէѧӧ֧ԧ, էԧ -- ѧݧڧӧܧѧާ, ߧ ߧ֧ܧ ڧ ߧڧ ܧѧ ߧ ٧ѧݧاڧӧѧڧ ӧߧڧާѧߧڧ! ѧݧ֧ܧ ߧ ܧѧاէ ڧڧ ߧѧڧѧߧڧ ѧ ڧݧ ܧߧڧԧ ڧӧէڧ ڧݧ ҧ ާڧߧѧ֧ ڧӧ֧ѧڧ ڧ٧ݧѧԧѧ֧ާާ ڧ էܧާ֧ߧѧ ڧݧ ѧܧѧ. ا ԧ, ֧ߧ ѧ, էѧا ԧӧ ڧߧ ܧ ٧֧ߧڧ ӧ֧ԧ ܧݧݧ֧ԧ, ӧ٧٧֧ߧڧ ҧѧ ߧѧܧ ܧާާ֧ߧڧ ѧܧڧ ҧѧ٧, ڧѧ֧ݧ էݧاߧ ѧ ާߧ֧ߧڧ "ݧѧҧ ߧѧߧ ѧԧާ֧ߧѧڧ" ڧݧ "ߧѧߧ ߧ֧֧ݧߧ". ֧ڧ ߧ֧ߧ, ݧڧڧ ܧ ڧէ֧اڧӧѧ֧ ѧӧ, ڧާ֧ߧ֧ ӧ֧ԧ ݧڧ "ԧڧ֧٧", ܧѧ ӧ֧֧ߧ "ѧӧ֧էݧڧӧ ܧڧڧܧ" [, c.4].
ا֧ӧ֧ ֧ڧ, ܧѧ ӧڧӧѧ֧ է֧ۧӧ ڧڧ֧ܧ ߧѧܧ ѧѧէڧԧާ []. ҧ ѧӧ ڧߧ ܧ ٧֧ߧڧ ާا֧ ڧӧ֧ ֧, ֧ݧ ڧߧ ӧ٧ԧݧ ߧ ҧݧ֧ާ ߧ ڧӧ֧ڧ է֧ۧӧ֧ ѧѧէڧԧާ. ܧڧ ڧާ֧ ҧ֧٧֧ߧ ӧ֧ܧӧ ҧҧ ӧݧ֧ ڧէ֧ ڧҧߧ ҧ֧ڧߧ ԧݧҧѧݧߧ ߧݧԧڧ ܧѧݧڧԧ֧ [].

ާ֧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ڧڧ֧ܧ ߧѧܧ ӧ֧اէѧ ֧ڧ, ֧ߧߧ ݧڧ ߧ ߧ֧ܧ ӧܧߧ էܧާ֧ߧ ѧܧ, ܧ ڧ٧ߧѧߧ ڧڧѧݧߧ ߧѧܧ, .. է֧ۧӧ֧ ѧާܧѧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧ ѧѧէڧԧާ. ֧է ߧѧܧ ڧѧ ߧѧߧާ , ݧ֧էӧѧ֧ݧߧ, ߧӧߧѧ ѧ ӧ֧ԧߧ էܧާ֧ߧ ѧܧ , .. ҧӧݧ֧ߧߧ ߧ ٧ѧݧاڧӧѧڧާ ӧߧڧާѧߧڧ ҧ֧֧ߧ ߧ ٧ѧҧӧ֧ߧڧ. ݧ֧ ԧ, ڧڧѧݧߧѧ ֧ڧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧ֧ ѧߧӧڧ ߧ֧ӧ֧֧ާ ڧݧ ԧ اڧӧ֧ էѧߧ էݧԧ. ٧ѧѧӧڧ ާߧڧ է֧ۧӧ֧ ֧ڧ? ҧߧѧا֧ߧߧ ߧӧ ڧӧ֧ѧڧ ֧ڧ էܧާ֧ߧ ڧݧ ѧܧ, ܧާ ڧڧѧݧߧѧ ߧѧߧѧ ѧէڧڧ ߧ ާا֧ ߧ ڧѧ. ާѧ֧ާѧڧܧ ֧֧ӧ֧ܧ ֧ڧ ާا֧ ӧ֧ ݧҧ (!) ާѧ֧ާѧڧ, ڧݧ ԧ ާѧ֧ާѧڧ֧ܧڧ ֧ڧ ѧާ ߧ ѧܧڧ֧ܧ ߧ֧ڧ٧ާ֧ߧ֧ާ; ڧ٧ڧܧ ֧ڧ ڧ٧ߧѧ֧ ߧ֧ӧ֧ߧ ڧݧ է֧ۧӧ֧ ӧߧӧ ӧӧէڧާާ ԧѧߧڧ֧ߧڧ, ֧ݧ "֧ԧ ֧ݧڧ֧ӧ ܧ֧ڧާ֧ߧ" ܧѧا֧ ߧ ߧ֧֧ݧߧ ֧ڧ. ڧڧ֧ܧ ߧѧܧ, ܧѧ ѧӧڧݧ, ѧާ ԧݧѧӧߧ էܧާ֧ߧ, ѧܧ, ܧߧѧ .., ݧا֧ߧߧ ߧӧ ֧ڧ, ӧݧ ߧ֧էߧާ էݧ ڧڧܧ..

ݧ֧էӧѧ֧ݧ ѧ֧ ݧܧ ߧѧէ֧ (!) ߧ էҧӧ֧ߧ ӧڧ ֧է֧ӧ֧ߧߧڧܧ ӧ֧ڧ(!) ٧ѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ֧, ܧ - ӧڧէ֧ ѧ ڧݧ է֧اѧ ߧ֧ ӧѧاߧ ӧڧ ܧѧ. ֧ڧ, ֧֧ӧ է֧ӧߧ֧ԧ֧֧ܧԧ ߧ ܧڧ ҧ է֧ݧѧ ѧӧڧݧߧ, ֧ݧ ߧ ٧ߧѧ֧ է֧ӧߧ֧ԧ֧֧ܧԧ. ֧ݧ ٧ߧѧ֧, ӧ ѧӧߧ ߧ ԧѧѧߧڧ֧ ֧ҧ է է֧ӧߧ֧ާ ѧڧ. ݧڧߧӧ ֧ڧѧݧڧ է֧ӧߧ֧ ֧ڧ ߧڧܧԧէ ߧ է֧اѧݧ ܧѧ է֧ӧߧڧ էܧާ֧ߧ. ާ֧ߧߧ "ߧ է֧اѧݧ", ܧݧܧ ާاߧ ӧڧէ֧ ԧѧڧ էܧާ֧ߧ, ߧ ڧէڧ , ܧڧ էݧڧߧߧڧܧ! ܧѧا: ߧ֧ݧ٧ ߧ ӧ֧ڧ ӧ֧. ֧ߧ. ڧ٧ڧܧ ާѧ֧ާѧڧܧ ѧܧا ӧߧاէ֧ߧ ӧ֧ڧ ѧ֧ѧ է էԧ, ߧ ٧է֧ ֧ ҧѧ ާ֧ էӧ֧ڧ: ӧ٧ӧѧӧѧ ߧ ѧ ѧܧ֧, ֧ܧ ѧէڧѧܧڧӧߧԧ ӧ֧֧ӧ .. ԧӧ, ާاߧ ٧ ֧֧ܧ ѧ ӧ֧ ܧާѧߧڧ֧, ֧ݧ էڧ ҧ ߧ֧ѧܧܧѧ֧ ӧڧݧ֧ߧڧ, էԧڧ ڧ ߧ ֧֧ӧ֧ڧݧ. ڧܧާ ߧ ڧէڧݧ ݧѧ ѧ٧ ӧѧߧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ڧڧ֧ܧ ѧӧ֧էݧڧӧ ܧѧܧ-ݧڧҧ ѧߧ֧ էܧѧ٧ѧߧߧ ֧֧ާ, ߧѧէ էѧ ڧҧܧ էܧѧ٧ѧ֧ݧӧѧ ܧѧܧڧ-ݧڧҧ ֧֧ ڧݧ ֧ߧڧ֧ܧڧ ѧ֧ѧ. ҧߧ է֧ݧѧ֧ ݧڧҧ էѧߧ ҧ, ݧ ҧݧڧܧѧڧ, ݧڧҧ էѧߧߧѧ ֧֧ާ ݧڧ ߧ ݧܧ ӧާ֧ ҧݧڧܧӧѧӧڧ ֧ اߧѧݧ ҧ֧ ֧ҧݧ֧ߧڧ.

֧ ߧ ӧݧ֧ ާ֧է ߧѧܧ. ߧѧܧ ӧ֧ԧ ݧڧ ٧էѧߧߧѧ ٧ѧѧէߧ֧ӧ֧ۧѧާ science, .. , ڧ ߧѧ٧ӧѧ֧ ֧֧ӧ٧ߧѧߧڧ֧. ާ ڧڧ ߧ ֧ ߧѧܧ; ߧѧܧ ߧ ߧӧӧѧ֧ ߧ ӧ֧.

ڧڧ ڧѧڧ ܧѧէڧߧѧݧߧ ڧߧѧ. ֧ ӧ֧ӧ֧ߧߧ ٧ ӧ ֧ڧ, ܧާ ӧ֧ӧ֧ߧߧ ֧էӧ ӧ֧ԧ ߧѧߧԧ ѧӧڧ֧. ѧ ѧӧڧݧ, ӧ֧էڧӧѧ ֧ڧ ֧֧اڧӧѧ֧ ӧ֧ԧ ٧էѧ֧ݧ, ڧ ٧ ڧҧܧ ѧҧ էܧާ֧ߧѧާ ҧӧѧ֧ ߧ ܧԧ, , ܧާ ԧ, , ܧ ߧѧڧߧѧ֧ ӧѧߧѧӧݧڧӧѧ ڧڧ֧ܧ ѧӧէ է֧ۧӧ֧ ѧާܧѧ ߧާѧݧߧ ߧ ڧڧ֧ܧ ߧѧܧ, .. ڧߧڧާѧ ӧ ӧߧڧާѧߧڧ էߧ էܧާ֧ߧ ҧѧӧѧ, ֧֧ӧ֧ߧߧ, ܧѧ ߧ ٧ѧݧاڧӧѧڧ ӧߧڧާѧߧڧ, էԧڧ. ߧ ާا֧ է֧ۧӧӧѧ ڧߧѧ ܧݧܧ է֧ۧӧ֧ ٧ѧܧ ߧ֧֧է֧ݧ֧ߧߧ ڧѧߧڧ.

ѧ٧ڧ ٧ѧܧ ӧڧէ ާݧ


Delta D x Delta t c_1 (1)

ԧէ Delta D -- ڧڧ֧ܧѧ ߧ֧֧է֧ݧ֧ߧߧ, .. ڧݧ ѧاէ֧ߧڧ ڧѧߧڧ ڧڧ֧ܧԧ ҧڧ, ٧ѧߧڧާѧ֧ԧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧ ֧٧ Delta t; ڧݧ ڧӧ֧ڧӧ է֧ѧݧ֧, ܧѧѧڧ ڧڧ֧ܧԧ է֧ۧӧڧ, ڧէ֧ԧ ߧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧ ֧٧ Delta t, c_1 --ߧ֧ܧѧ ܧߧѧߧ. ѧܧڧ ҧѧ٧, ֧ ާ֧ߧ ֧٧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧ ڧݧ֧է֧ާԧ ڧڧ֧ܧԧ ҧڧ, ֧ ҧݧ էҧߧ֧, ߧէ ߧ ҧ٧ѧߧߧ ҧ ߧ֧ڧӧ֧ڧӧާ.

ѧܧ ӧ٧ѧڧާէ֧ۧӧڧ
ѧ֧ާ ާݧڧӧѧ էԧ ٧ѧܧ, ٧ѧѧԧڧӧѧڧ ڧէ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧ, ܧ ӧԧݧէڧ ҧݧ֧ ѧߧѧڧ֧ܧڧ, ߧ ا ѧާ ӧ֧ާ ߧڧ ֧ާ ݧ ݧ ߧ֧ݧӧڧާ.
ݧ ҧݧ֧ ԧݧҧܧ ӧէާѧ է֧اѧߧڧ ٧ѧܧߧ ߧ֧֧է֧ݧ֧ߧߧ ڧڧ֧ܧԧ ڧѧߧڧ, ӧ٧ߧڧܧѧ֧ ݧ֧էڧ ӧ. ڧާ֧ߧ֧ߧڧ ԧ ٧ѧܧߧ ڧѧڧ, ܧԧէ ߧ֧ҧէڧާ ӧѧߧӧڧ էҧߧ ӧ֧֧ߧߧԧ ݧ ֧ݧ֧ߧڧ, ٧ߧѧѧݧ ҧ ߧ֧ӧ٧ާاߧ ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ѧܧԧ է ѧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ. ֧է ѧܧڧ է֧ݧѧ ӧѧاߧ ٧ߧѧ ӧ էҧߧ է֧ۧӧڧ, ֧ӧݧ֧ߧߧԧ ѧ ٧ ߧڧاߧ ާѧݧ ֧٧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧ. ާݧڧӧѧߧߧ ߧѧާ ٧ѧܧ, ӧէ ҧ, ߧ ߧѧէ֧֧ ߧ ֧ѧݧߧ էҧߧԧ ٧ܧߧԧ ާ֧ڧڧ. ѧ , ߧ ӧ֧֧ ٧ѧܧ? ݧ ӧ֧֧, ާ ӧߧاէ֧ߧ ܧߧѧڧӧѧ ߧѧݧڧڧ ݧߧ ߧ֧ҧ֧ܧڧӧߧ ߧѧاէ֧ߧڧ ڧڧߧߧԧ ֧ߧڧܧ. ԧڧާ ݧӧѧާ, ݧ֧էӧڧ ٧ѧߧڧާѧ֧ էҧӧѧߧڧ֧ ѧܧ, ߧ ڧ ߧӧ ӧѧҧѧӧѧ ӧ֧ڧ, ܧ ҧݧ ߧѧѧӧݧ֧ߧ ߧ ѧާҧާѧ ݧ֧էӧѧ֧ݧ֧. ߧѧڧ ߧѧܧѧ٧ӧѧ ߧ ԧ ܧ ӧڧߧӧѧ, ԧ, ܧ էѧէѧ֧ ҧݧ֧ ҧ֧էڧ֧ݧߧ էݧ ݧ֧էӧѧ֧ݧ֧ է ӧ֧ڧ ֧ݧ֧ߧڧ? ާѧ֧ ڧ ڧ ߧ ԧݧѧ, ҧէ ѧӧ. ݧ ߧ ާݧڧӧܧ, ߧ֧էԧӧ֧ߧߧ ݧӧڧ ֧ԧ ڧާ֧ߧ֧ߧڧ.

ѧܧ ߧ֧֧է֧ݧ֧ߧߧ ڧڧ֧ܧԧ ڧѧߧڧ է֧ۧӧ֧ ݧܧ ݧӧڧ ӧݧߧ֧ߧڧ էԧԧ ٧ѧܧߧ -- ٧ѧܧߧ ӧ٧ѧڧާէ֧ۧӧڧ , ܧ ԧݧѧڧ, ڧڧ֧ܧѧ ߧ֧֧է֧ݧ֧ߧߧ Delta D ֧ ҧݧ, ֧ էѧݧ ӧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧ ڧ ڧݧ֧է֧ާѧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧ. ڧާӧݧڧ֧ܧ ٧ѧܧ ٧ѧڧӧѧ֧ ӧڧէ


Delta D c_2 x Delta(tau) (2)
ԧէ Delta(tau) ڧߧ֧ӧѧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧ ާ֧اէ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧ ڧݧ֧է֧ާ ѧާ, c_2 -- ߧ֧ܧѧ ܧߧѧߧ. ѧܧڧ ҧѧ٧, ѧ ݧاߧ ѧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ ֧ݧ֧ߧڧ ҧݧڧ ܧ էѧӧߧ; ֧ ҧݧ֧ է֧ӧߧڧ ӧݧ֧ ֧ݧ֧ߧڧ, ֧ ҧݧ ѧ٧ߧ֧ߧڧ ާ֧ߧ ѧߧ էܧѧ է ڧڧߧ. է- ݧ֧է֧, ߧѧէ֧ ߧ ާܧ, ֧ ԧӧڧݧ ѧѧԧѧ 2 ߧ ڧէڧ

ߧ֧ߧڧ (2) էڧ ߧ ٧ѧܧ ֧ߧߧߧ, ԧݧѧ֧ԧ, ܧݧڧ֧ӧ ڧߧާѧڧ (ڧ٧ާ֧ߧ֧֧ էߧ ڧ֧ާ էԧ էߧԧ ܧѧߧѧݧ էԧާ), ܧ ާا֧ ֧֧էѧӧѧ ڧҧ֧ѧ, ӧ֧ԧէ ԧѧߧڧ֧ߧ ڧ٧ӧ֧ߧ ֧է֧ݧ, ڧߧѧݧߧ ֧է֧ާ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧ [, c.124]


Delta I k x Delta(tau)
(1) (2) ݧ֧է֧ ӧѧاߧ ԧѧߧڧ֧ߧڧ


Delta(tau) x Delta t c_1 / c_2

ڧݧ


Delta t (c_1/c_2) x (1/Delta(tau)) 0 Delta(tau) (3)
ߧ ٧ߧѧѧ֧, էݧ ӧѧߧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ҧڧ ߧ ֧٧ܧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧ Delta t ߧ֧ҧէڧާ, ҧ ڧߧ֧֧ѧ ҧݧ ߧ ݧڧܧ ҧݧڧ٧ܧ ֧ܧ֧. ߧ֧ߧڧ (1)-(3) ֧է֧ݧ ܧߧѧߧ c_1 c_2. ߧ էݧاߧ ҧ ѧܧӧާ, ҧ ӧ٧ާاߧ ҧݧ ѧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ ֧ݧ֧ߧڧ ߧ֧էѧݧ֧ܧԧ ݧԧ. ѧڧާ֧, ֧ݧ ֧ݧ֧ߧڧ ӧ֧֧ߧ 1 ѧ ߧѧ٧ѧ, Delta(tau) = 60 ާڧ, էݧاߧ ֧ӧӧѧ ӧ٧ާاߧ ӧѧߧӧڧ էߧ٧ߧѧߧ, Delta D =0, ҧڧ ާڧߧߧ, Delta t = 1. ߧѧ ԧӧ, c_1 1 [ާڧ^{-1}, c_2 1/60 [ާڧ^{-1}]. اߧ ӧ٧ c_1 =1 [ާڧ^{-1}], c_2= 1/60 [ާڧ^{-1}] . ֧ݧ, էߧѧܧ, ߧѧاէ֧ߧڧ ܧߧѧߧ c_1 c_2 ߧ֧ѧ ٧ѧէѧ.

اߧ ֧էݧاڧ, ӧ٧ѧڧާէ֧ۧӧڧ ڧާ֧֧ ҧݧ֧ ݧاߧ ܧݧ֧ҧѧ֧ݧߧ ѧѧܧ֧ ӧ٧ѧѧ֧ ѧާݧڧէ


Delta D c_2 x Delta(tau) x f(Delta(tau)) x cos({2pi Delta(tau)}/T) , (4)
ԧէ T ֧ڧ, ڧݧ֧ߧߧ ٧ߧѧ֧ߧڧ ܧԧ ާاߧ ݧܧ էԧѧէӧѧ, f(Delta(tau)) >= 0 ߧ֧ҧӧѧѧ ߧܧڧ. ڧѧ֧ݧߧ ٧ߧѧ֧ߧڧ ѧӧ ѧ ߧ ֧٧ܧ Delta(tau) ڧ ֧٧ܧ [T/4+nT, 3T/4+nT] ݧ֧է֧ ѧܧӧѧ ܧѧ , էݧ ܧ ӧ٧ާاߧ էߧ٧ߧѧߧ ӧѧߧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ҧڧ. էݧ Delta(tau) = nT ߧ֧էߧ٧ߧѧߧ ߧѧѧѧ֧ ާ֧ ԧݧҧݧ֧ߧڧ ݧ ٧ѧܧߧ f(Delta(tau)).

ѧܧ (4) ֧ӧڧէߧ ҧѧ٧ ӧݧߧ֧ էݧ ѧ ߧѧ٧ӧѧ֧ާԧ اڧߧߧԧ ѧߧӧ-ӧ֧ާ֧ߧ, ڧӧѧ֧ԧ ӧݧڧ ߧѧ֧ ֧ݧ֧ߧߧ, ѧߧӧ ӧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧ, ѧѧܧ֧ߧ ӧۧӧ ܧԧ ӧݧ֧ ҧ֧ܧߧ֧ߧ ҧާѧӧѧߧڧ ӧܧ ѧާԧ ֧ҧ ҧ֧ާݧ֧ ڧާ֧ߧ ԧڧ֧ѧߧӧ []. ݧ ߧѧާѧӧѧ ߧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧ tau ҧ֧ܧߧ֧ߧ ڧҧݧڧاѧ ߧ֧ ܧ ٧֧ߧڧ ߧѧҧݧէѧ֧ݧ, اڧӧ֧ԧ ڧާ֧ߧ ާڧ. է ӧڧէߧ () ֧ڧէڧߧ ҧݧڧ٧ܧڧ tau tau - nT. ݧ էڧ, ߧ֧ܧԧ ާާ֧ߧ tau - n_0 xT ҧݧڧا֧ߧڧ ڧާ֧֧ է ݧѧߧܧӧܧ էݧڧߧ L = 10^{-33} cm, ֧֧ӧ֧ߧߧ ݧܧѧڧ ާ֧ڧܧ (ԧѧӧڧѧڧߧߧԧ ݧ) ҧէ ӧ٧ӧѧ "ӧ֧ߧڧӧѧߧڧ" ݧԧ; ߧѧߧ ѧѧ ֧էӧ ֧֧ާ֧ߧ ҧ, ߧѧ٧ӧѧ֧ާ ܧӧާ ߧѧާ, ݧ tau - nT, n > n_0 ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧѧ tau. ߧ ܧӧѧߧӧ ӧߧ, .. ҧݧѧ ާڧܧާڧ, ڧߧڧڧѧݧߧ ߧ֧ӧ٧ާاߧ ѧ٧ݧڧڧ ҧڧ ݧԧ ߧѧ֧ԧ. ݧ ֧֧ѧߧ ߧѧڧ. ڧէڧާ ѧܧ ֧֧ާ֧ڧӧѧߧڧ ݧԧ ߧѧڧ ڧާ֧֧ ԧѧߧڧ֧ߧߧ, ߧ ӧ ا ӧݧߧ ֧է֧ݧ֧ߧߧ ֧ܧڧ ߧ ӧݧ֧ߧڧ (ҧڧ) ڧ ֧ ާѧܧާڧ. ӧڧէߧ ڧ [], ԧէ ާ֧ѧ֧, 4-ާ֧ߧ ާѧܧܧӧ ߧ, ӧ٧ӧѧڧ ݧ ߧѧڧ ӧݧߧ ާԧ ҧѧ٧ӧѧ ߧ ݧڧܧ ڧݧߧ ӧ٧ާ֧ߧڧ ܧѧݧߧ ݧ֧.



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