XIX - XX

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! XIX - XX . : , , , , (18-). Minsk, Belarus. Research paper. Agreement.  Orphus

46 24
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XIX - XX . 1 2 . , . 1825 - 1907 . . , - "", "", "". , , ( ) , . . 3 .

4 . , , , .

1825 - 1863 . 8 4 , ( ) - 20 . - , - .

, , . . , "" ( 1835 ). . . " " - . . -


1 . . . - 1861 - 1888 . ( X - . 1887; - ); . . - . . 1880; . . . - . 1861 - 1881 . ( ); " , ... ". "" , , - 26 1881 - 1902 .

2 . . . . . I - V. . 1960 - 1963; . . . . . 1966.

3 M. H. . . . . IV, . 22.

4 " ". . . VIII. : " --" 2-, , . . ; " " . . 2- ; " " - ; ( ); - - ; , - " " " "; . , , (. . . . . 1905, . 5).

. 203


5 . , 6 , . 7 . "", " " . . , . 1861 - 1862 . . - ( ), "", , " ", 8 .

60 - 70- XIX . 976 , 610 9 , 10 :

 

 

 

.

.

. .

1866

13

13

_

3

3

7

1870

190

182

8

1

3

186

1874

12

9

3

1

3

8

1876

11

8

3

 

1

10

"50"

1877

22

11

11

4

3

15

"193"

1877

178

137

41

7

32

139

 

184

160

24

27

8

149

 

610

520

90

43

53

514

, 60 - 70- XIX ., . "" . , 1905 ., . . , I ; - - . , -, . , . . , . . - 11 ; - - . , . . ; - . . , . . , . . , ; "50-" - . , . , . , . , . , . . , . , . , . . , . . , . ( , , I ), , "193-" - . . , . . . . . 1880- , , 817 ,


5 . . . . 1912, . 310 - 320.

6 . . . ( " "). " ", 1861; . . . . " ", 1883, N 9, . 73 .; . . . " 1895 .". . 1895, . 239 .

7 . . . . ., . 320.

8 " XIX ". . . . . . (. ). . 1903. . 2-. . I. . 1906, . 130 - 134 ( - " ").

9 " ". . I, . 2; . II, . 1 - 4; . . . . . . III, . 98 - 99; " ". . I, . 130 - 346 . 366 , 1880- , , .

10 , 9.

11 - I .: . . . -, "" . " ", 1970, N 2.

. 204


-

.

.

. .

"16"

1880

3

3

_

1

_

2

II ("6") .

1881

1

1

-

-

1

-

.

1882

9

4

5

1

2

6

"20"

1882

4

2

2

1

1

2

"23"

1883

9

9

-

-

-

9

"17"

1883

15

6

9

3

4

8

"14"

1884

1

1

-

-

-

1

""

1886

40

36

4

2

2

36

.

1887

18

9

9

1

6

11

. ("21")

1887

37

20

17

4

11

22

.

1890

6

2

4

1

3

2

 

674

506

168

30

78

556

 

817

599

218

44

108

665

12 .

: . , . , . , . , . , . .

1890- " " 477 , -, . . 13 . 14 :

.

.

. . .

1890 - 1894 ( -)

209

121

88

16

79

114.

1895 - 1896 (-)

126

107

19

1897 - 1899 (-)

142

92

50

31

44

67

477

320

157

-

-

-

: . , . - (), . . , . . . .

, 1900 - 1904 ., , 436 15 . , 1905 - 1907 ., .


12 "" 1880 - 1889 ; " ". . III, . 1 - 3; . V . 1, 2, .

13 - " " . " ", 1968, N 5, . 61 - 66; 1969, N 3, . 60 - 68.

14 "" 1890 - 1899 ., " 1890- 1899 ., " ". . 5, . 1, 2, .

15 "", "" 1900 - 1902 .; " ". . 5, . 1, 2; " " . 1934; " ". . 1917.

. 205


1 640 , 16 . 1900 - 1907 . 2 076 ( 1771 305 ) 17 . - . . (. . , . . , . . , . . , . . , . . , . . , . . ) - ; - , . . , . . , . . , . . , . . , . . - () .

- , 1825 - 1907 ., , 4 007 , - 9,2%, - 15,3%, - 75,5%. ( ) . , , , .


16 " . . ", 1906, NN 1 - 7; 1907, NN 1 - 2, "".

17 .

 



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